An engineer is a professional who conducts research, designs, tests, builds, and maintains, structures as well as products. Their end goal is to ensure that what they work on is safe, economical, functional, and also free from technical problems.
In order to do their job, an engineer needs to balance regulatory and safety limitations with expenses as well as functionality. As an engineer, you’ll need to design as well as build useful solutions for clients, using science as well as maths. You’ll be bridging the gap between discoveries that are scientific and natural, and using those discoveries on functional commercial applications. Engineering technologies will also be integrated with business solutions, with the aim of making a profit for the business. Often, the breakthroughs that an engineer makes can help improve society.
To this end, engineers often work together with scientific researchers. The end goal is to collect useful data which can then be used in building and designing technical solutions.
Six Types Of Engineers And What They Do
In order to become a professional engineer, you’ll need to have extensive knowledge of maths and science. You should also be creative, resourceful, and effective at communicating your thoughts. These are the six types of engineers and what they do:
1. Civil Engineer
A civil engineer is someone who designs, constructs, and maintains large scale structures like bridges. As a civil engineer, you could sometimes find yourself protecting a certain environment, and at other times, destroying it. You’ll be working on both natural as well as man made infrastructures.
You’ll be working in airports, railways, mountain passes, hydroelectric dams, in demolishing buildings, and more. It’s important for you to have your fundamentals down, as the slightest mistake in your calculations could lead to the project failing to work out. You’ll need to ensure that the projects you work on aren’t just functional, but also safe for use.
2. Mechanical Engineer
A mechanical engineer is someone who designs as well as manufactures machines. You could also need to design equipment, parts, and products that in turn influence how other products work. It’s also expected that mechanical engineers should know how to incorporate principles related to force, motion, and energy, within their designs.
The main aim of a mechanical engineer is to create systems or processes that ensure that work can be done safely as well as efficiently. You should also know how to get the work done in a cost-effective manner.
3. Production Engineer
A production engineer can also be found working within manufacturing. As a production engineer, you’ll be specializing in making use of technology during the course of your work. You’ll be using technology to transform raw materials into final products.
Through your work, you’ll need to implement automation, and also ensure that quality control measures are executed. This is so that goods can be delivered in a safe, efficient, and reliable manner. There are various titles that a production engineer can be given. You can work as a production manager, a production design engineer, and more.
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4. Chemical Engineer
Another name for chemical engineering is process engineering. You could find yourself working in various fields, such as pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, biotechnology, food processing, and more. You’ll need to use your knowledge of chemistry and maths to create new processes or products, or to improve upon one’s that are existing. You’ll need to factor in social and environmental costs as well.
As a chemical engineer, you’ll be using raw materials to create products, and will also be responsible for resource management.
5. Biomedical Engineer
A biomedical engineer studies problems within biology and medicine, and designs solutions for those problems. Your main aim will be how you can improve patient care to be more effective. You’ll need to design, analyze, install, and adjust biomedical equipment. You may also need to train personnel in the medical field on how to use various biomedical equipment.
6. Aerospace Engineer
An aerospace engineer can also be referred to as an aeronautical engineer. You’ll need to design, test, and build aircraft as well as spacecraft. You’ll also be designing systems for national defense, which includes helicopters, airplanes, rockets, missiles, satellites, and more.
You’ll need to apply fundamentals related to structural analysis, propulsion, fluid dynamics, aerospace design, automatic control, materials science, and more. This is important in ensuring that the prototypes you make will work as expected.
There are several engineering career paths that you can choose to pursue, each with wildly different job expectations. You could work in aerospace engineering or biomedical engineering. You could also choose a more common engineering field, like civil engineering. These were just some of the options available to you, out of many many more, within the field of engineering.